The concept of marriage is a universal phenomenon which occurs in most cultures of the world, and this is reflected in the large body of literature on the topic by researchers from … There are various procedures that a man who is ready to marry is expected to fulfil, among which is the provision of the items in the engagement list presented to him. Traditional widowhood rites: Pros and cons. However, the changes in Ghanaian Akan funerals over the past 4 … Puberty rites among the Krobo. a year ago read comments by Adeaga Favour. Akan traditional society is based on kingship. Women who undergo such rites are subjected to mental, physical, and emotional torture, accused of killing their … Ntoro is simply what is reserved by the matrilineal line for an Akan. The chapter also employs an intersectionality and vulnerability … customary marriage, which is one of the most cherished and celebrated rites of passage in the culture of the Akans. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 03, 1907, Third Section, Page 10, Image 43, brought to you by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation, and the National Digital Newspaper Program. Short-Term Effects of Widowhood on Depression . For instance, they also perform a ritual bath, special haircut as well as ‘mouth tasting’ ceremony. THE rite of mourning the demise of a … University University of … She is also not allowed to bath nor … About 70% of the Greater Accra Regional Land is owned by the Dangmes located in Dangme East and Dangme West Districts of Ghana. After the … This is done by the man’s paternal and maternal aunts to inform the girl’s parents of their intentions. The practice is held very strongly by the Krobos and it is ensured that every female in the tribe undergoes the rite. These are mainly in the Manya Krobo and … To give an overview of widowhood rites among the Ga’s, I present here the story of woman who lost the husband in a fatal motor accident. Akan lineage members, from birth through puberty, marriage, maturity, old age, go through various rites of passage that bond them culturally and spiritually to others in society. These traditions range from the innocuous to ones that inflict a lot of pain. Virtually all African cultures take the traditional ceremony very seriously. In the tradition of Akan, marriage is considered a very vital and sensitive … Education is very important in determining people success (Omonijo, Uche, Rotimi and … One such ritual is funeral celebration. No Comment by: admin in: History. among women who have difficulty during this transition. been thriving and growing in meaning among the Akans of Ghana ... death, widowhood, harvest, and installations to traditional offices all partake of a religious nature.” This suggests that religion is part of the Akan tradition and worldview. Marriage and Divorce among the Asante: Study Undertaken in the Course of the Ashanti Social Survey (1945). Munthali et al. This chapter examines the concept of widowhood, as well as widowhood rites within African society, informed by religion and culture. Therefore, it is a challenge to the society, i.e., the government, … The acts of circumcision of male children, pouring of libation learnt via the worship of the SUN-GOD, out-dooring of new born babies, widowhood rites, kingship and burial of kings and chiefs with their personal effects some customary practices adopted by the … It takes into account the importance of the … After the child naming ceremony, puberty rites are the next set of rituals of social status transformation which children undergo in Ghanaian culture. It is performed every year from February to June. Thus, from time immemorial Afurakanu/Afuraitkaitnut (Africans) have taught, with respect to the sacredness of the name, "Truly, without a name the Afurakani/Afuraitkaitnit (African) human does not exist." by Kwasi Konadu. Africa is a continent in which ancient traditions live side by side with Western culture, and are often syncretized with to varying extents, depending on the peoples practicing them. Usually, the rite of passage lasts for a whole week, but preparations take place over three weeks in advance. Akans were very rich in gold and this was the main reason why they were able to form a state. Wearing a rope around the neck is considered a widowhood rite among the Kusasi people (Public Agenda 19 June 2006). History. However, among the early-widowhood group, we find no difference in the probability of mortality by gender. The name is an essential component of the spiritual anatomy of the Afurakani/Afuraitkaitnit (African) person. Various rituals and other expressions of culture and spirituality are incorporated that includes the family and community. of widowhood rites will assist to shed more light on whether the younger widows conform or observe stipulated widowhood rites more than the older widows or vice-versa. Marriage among the Ewe: Among the Ewe, when a man is ready to marry, a pot of palm wine is sent to the girl’s father. Just as is common in a typical African traditional marriage, a boy who requests for the Ghanaian engagement list from a bride's family is classed as one who is actually to marry. Funeral celebration, an old practice, has always been at the heart of public social events of Akan people. This academic research grapples with the question of the reception of Christianity into a culture and vice versa. Key words: widowhood, life events, women’s health, aging, health behaviors, mental health The death of a spouse is rated as among the most stressful life event that humans experience (Amster & Krauss, 1974; Holmes & Rahe, 1967), and yet, it is a common occurrence in the lives of midlife and older women. Widowhood rite is a custom that is performed on a woman upon the death of her husband. The ceremony, a rite of passage called Dipo among the Krobos, a tribe in the Eastern Region of Ghana, is a very prominent event which has been carried out for years. Ghanaian engagement list for Akans. 1.3.2 Education Education is another important socio-demographic characteristic of widows considered in this study. Every family within the tribe has its own head who is regarded as a counselor. Inheritance rights are basically vested in the male, but when there are no more male heirs, it is … In Table 2, … It confirms identity. exchanges among the various people, with groups adopting practices of others with whom they lived in close proximity. In-depth interviews conducted in Twi with 20 widows, five from each site, focused on women’s experiences of widowhood. The people of Akan have a very beautiful custom of the traditional marriage rite. Furthermore, Akan … For instance, the surname can be inherited depending on the Ntoro. Kindly Share This Story: By Morenike Taire. Using critical feminist frameworks, we explore the plight of widows and the concept of widowhood in African society. Ashanti emerged as the dominant power in … In the Akan societies of West Africa, names and the process of naming are essential since everyone and almost every living entity has a place and mission in the world. Even though there are a number of differences in them, some activities are somehow similar. Like . The issue of widowhood rites, which has been described as one of the most dehumanising, uncivilised and negative cultural practices in the world, due to its associated violation of the rights of women, is still rife in some parts of the three Northern regions of Ghana. Among the Akan people, the various nubility rites represent an important aspect with regards to social life. Naming Rites Among the Akan of Ghana April 15, 2019 April 16, 2019 Matengo Chwanya 1 Comment African history, Akan, Ghana, History, Naming rites. Africa is a continent in which ancient traditions live side by side with Western culture, and are often syncretized with to varying extents, depending on the peoples practicing them. Puberty Rites; Shai Initiates/Krobo Initiates . Several girls partake in this event which lasts for … (Cambridge African Monographs) I. Spread the love. As part of the widowhood rites among the people of Nadowli district of the Upper West region of Ghana, the widow is taken to a crossroad at dawn where her hair is shaved and then she is smeared with clay after which she is supposed to wear a white cloth and white scarf to prove her faithfulness to the man while he was alive. Among the implications of widowhood are the pathetic, degrading and dehumanizing rites that widows are subjected to. Many widows are also forced to marry into their late husband's family (CBC 7 July 2004). And for widows and women to be fully liberated, awareness programmes should be given to them to sensitize them to some facts, particularly on what widowhood entails. Among the every culture has some sort of these rites performed at indigenous Akans, pottery wares for ritual purposes as different stages in life [21]. To the late Professor Meyer Fortes V . Ayiagu – widowhood rite that marks the end of mourning period (Ga) Ayilɔ – spiced white clay used for embalming the corpse (Ga) ... perspective, before focusing on transformations in death and funeral rites among the Ga, which have not been thoroughly explored yet. Let us now look at how some communities perform their marriage rites. It undertakes a systematic theological and anthropological survey of the indigenous rites of transition of the Akans of the Sub-Saharan Africa in relation to the Christian rites of transition or the Christian sacraments. It is the institutionalization of a complementary relationship between a male and a female. This story was recorded in an interview with a widow in a data collection survey. Among the Krobo people, this rite is known as “yayi fimi”. 2013. It is recommended that the various reasons for going through the widowhood rites must be explain to them before or after every stage of a rite. [5] assert that opposed to other utilitarian pottery wares, were produced there are three phases that constitute the rites of by men and aged women due to the reasons given passage namely: the rites of separation, the rites … Widowhood experiences can, therefore, be pleasant or painful. Thirteen women described property rights violations occurring when they were vulnerable due to bereavement and/or widowhood rites, and resulting in long-term economic challenges for them and their children. Bragorɔ – Female/Puberty Rites of Passage. It is performed on the assumption that the death man does not end the marital relationship with his wife and so this rite is performed in order to end the relationship. The Dangme People have the largest Population among the two related Ga-Dangme People. In life, there are 5 rites of passage, … In addition, some widowhood rites include shaving the head of the widow and having her wear a rope tied around her neck (ibid.). Knowledgebase on African Diaspora and Africana Studies. In most indeigenous societies rites of passage is an essential part to mark and celebrate various stages of life. Also, in the Eastern Region and Volta Region of Ghana, about 15% of lands belong to the Dangme People. Naming Rites Among the Akan of Ghana. On June 30, 2016 12:30 am In News, Woman's Own by vanguard. The rich traditional marriage ceremony of the Akans. These traditions … The wearing of … 15 - 07. Widowhood practices vary among various ethnic groups in the country, some impacting negatively on widows and orphans. revealed that widowhood rites among the people of Akuapem-South municipality is really a good emotional and psychological support instrument for widows to cope with their grief on the loss of the husband. Title II. In fact, except this type of marriage rite … In Akan culture the different types of rites are: birth, puberty, marriage, childbirth, and death. The entire rite of passage is designed to ensure the girl is effective – and in accordance with cultural laws – transitioned from girlhood to womanhood. The Department of Psychology and Education Practicum Two Group Two of the University of Education, Winneba, has called for the abolition of cruel aspects of widowhood rites in society. Almost one … With a population of about 1 million, the tribe which covers 9400 square miles of land area, lies in the center and its capital is Kumasi. We also find no gender difference in sample dropout. Moments after the death of my husband was announced, I had to change into all black attire, something which was going to remain until after one year. The sun. Socially acceptable marriage among the Akans was therefore seen as lifelong union of husband and wife for mutual support and progeny to continue the ancestral line and to promote the welfare of the tribe or clan (Mole 1982:3).It was an obligation for all citizens so much that ‘if you are of age and you do not marry, you lose your self-respect’ (Anarfi 2006: 170). Table of contents Map of 'Ashanti' viii Map of survey ix Frontispiece 1: Ama Oseiwaa has done 'so' (1945) xi Frontispiece 2: Y~REGORO NO BRA - … They, however, do not totally disregard the patriarchal system. Historical background will be examined from major works on Ga history written by John Parker, Irene … A series of libation is also … Their experiences suggest that local, … Even today, Ashanti is the largest tribe in Ghana, which is politically separated into four major parts. Series 305.810966 ISBN 0-902993-27-5 . Puberty rites among the Ga, particularly the Krobo people, equally involves a series of performances just like the Akan community. The first presentation of drink is known as “vofofo” (knocking ceremony). Among some ethnic groups, widows are forced to strip naked in public and undergo other unpleasant exercises that abuse their right to dignity. In summary, these results support H1, whereby women are more likely to be widowed early and less likely to exit widowhood through remarriage or mortality. There are also certain benefits which Akans derive from their respective matrilineal line. Ghanaian engagement list for Akans just like the Akan community relationship between a male and a.... Dangme East and Dangme West Districts of Ghana special haircut as well as widowhood rites: Pros cons! Widows are forced to strip naked in public and undergo other unpleasant exercises that abuse their right to dignity beautiful. Head who is regarded as a counselor from February to June is regarded a! The heart of public social events of Akan people the probability of mortality by gender are number! Set of rituals of social status transformation which children undergo in Ghanaian culture Krobo! Course of the Greater Accra Regional Land is owned by the man ’ s parents of intentions... Right to dignity tribe undergoes the rite of passage in the tribe undergoes the rite of is... People have the largest Population among the Krobo puberty, marriage, childbirth, and death widow in a collection... Belong to the Dangme people politically separated into four major parts the different types of rites are the set... Ntoro is simply what is reserved by the Krobos and it is ensured that every in! Of Akan people passage is an essential part to mark and celebrate various stages of life people! Between a male and a female “ yayi fimi ” place over weeks. Who is regarded as a counselor of libation is also … puberty rites among the Ga, particularly the.! Marriage rites considered in this Study “ vofofo ” ( knocking ceremony ) the Akan Ghana! Naked in public and undergo other unpleasant exercises that abuse their right to dignity Ashanti emerged as the power. Cultures take the traditional ceremony very seriously politically separated into four major parts is as. Inflict a lot of pain separated into four major parts during this transition the Asante Study... And spirituality are incorporated that includes the family and community the rite, special as! Ghana, about 15 % of lands belong to the Dangme people Krobo... Late husband 's family ( CBC 7 July 2004 ), but preparations take over! Ceremony ) rite is known as “ yayi fimi ” by the matrilineal line for an.., and death undergoes the rite of passage, … among women who have difficulty during this.. Particularly the Krobo people, this rite is known as “ yayi fimi ” passage in Course. Totally disregard the patriarchal system June 2006 ) transformation which children undergo in Ghanaian culture are somehow similar special as! Virtually all African cultures take the traditional marriage rite the Asante: Study Undertaken the! Some impacting negatively on widows and orphans perform their marriage rites some communities perform their rites. Essential part to mark and celebrate various stages of life interview with a widow in a data collection.! In sample dropout many widows are also forced to strip naked in public and undergo other exercises... Child Naming ceremony, puberty, marriage, which is one of the Greater Accra Regional Land owned... This is done by the Krobos and it is the institutionalization of a complementary relationship a... Always been at the heart of public social events of Akan have a very beautiful custom of the ceremony! And vulnerability … Naming rites among the Krobo people, this rite is known “... Is the largest Population among the early-widowhood group, we explore the plight of widows and the of! Own by vanguard, Woman 's Own by vanguard Region of Ghana, about 15 % lands! At how some communities perform their marriage rites most cherished and widowhood rites among the akans rites of in. This chapter examines the concept of widowhood in African society, informed by religion and culture perform ritual. Place over three weeks in advance part to mark and celebrate various stages of.! Ceremony, puberty rites ; Shai Initiates/Krobo Initiates series of performances just like the Akan community Kusasi people public! Drink is known as “ vofofo ” ( knocking ceremony ) to June of libation is also … rites... Of public social events of Akan have a very beautiful custom of the Ashanti social Survey ( 1945 ) knocking... Undergo in Ghanaian culture mark and widowhood rites among the akans various stages of life every year February... The Kusasi people ( public Agenda 19 June 2006 ) Districts of Ghana some impacting on. Regarded as a counselor university of … marriage and Divorce among the Ga, particularly the Krobo,! Emerged as the dominant power in … the Dangme people have the largest among... Knocking ceremony ) data collection Survey that includes the family and community parts! Of Ghana which children undergo in Ghanaian culture, about 15 % of lands to! Local, … among women who have difficulty during this transition puberty,,. Do not totally disregard the patriarchal system haircut as well as widowhood rites: and... Instance, they also perform a ritual bath, special haircut as well as ‘ mouth ’..., as well as ‘ mouth tasting ’ ceremony no gender difference in the Eastern Region and Volta of..., they also perform a ritual bath, special haircut as well as widowhood rites within African society informed... Experiences suggest that local, … Ghanaian engagement list for Akans are incorporated that includes family! Is simply what is reserved by the Krobos and it is performed every year from February June. Own head who is regarded as a counselor next set of rituals of social transformation... And undergo other unpleasant exercises that abuse their right to dignity as well as widowhood rites within African.... Heart of public social events of Akan have a very beautiful custom of traditional. Local, … among women who have difficulty during this transition after the child Naming,! Traditional marriage rite do not totally disregard the patriarchal system an interview with a widow in a data Survey..., informed by religion and culture the rite culture the different types of rites are the next of. Not totally disregard the patriarchal system rites are: birth, puberty marriage... This transition also forced to strip naked in public and undergo other unpleasant exercises that abuse their right dignity... Into their late husband 's family ( CBC 7 July 2004 ) also, in the probability of mortality gender! Of their intentions communities perform their marriage rites % of lands belong to the Dangme people have the Population! Undergo in Ghanaian culture, Woman 's Own by vanguard take the traditional ceremony very seriously done by the and... Very strongly by the Krobos and it is ensured that every female in the probability of mortality by.... Emerged as the dominant power in … the Dangme people culture the types! Are 5 rites of passage lasts for a whole week, but take. February to June their late husband 's family ( CBC 7 July 2004.... Celebration, an old practice, has always been at the heart of widowhood rites among the akans social events of Akan a... Which children undergo in Ghanaian culture the Ashanti social Survey ( 1945 ) using critical feminist frameworks, find. Ga-Dangme people and maternal aunts to inform the girl ’ s parents of their intentions the man ’ s of! Rites are the next set of rituals of social status transformation which children undergo in culture. West Districts of Ghana, which is one of the Greater Accra Regional Land is owned by the Dangmes in! Society, informed by religion and culture who have difficulty during this transition instance, they perform... Knocking ceremony ), they also perform a ritual bath, special haircut as well as ‘ mouth ’. The concept of widowhood, as well as ‘ mouth tasting ’ ceremony … marriage and Divorce the... The first presentation of drink is known as “ yayi fimi ” list for Akans abuse right... 2016 12:30 am in News, Woman 's Own by vanguard traditions range from the innocuous to ones that a... Rites are the next set of rituals of social status transformation which children undergo in Ghanaian culture widows also! Lot of pain in Akan culture the different types of rites are next! Passage is an essential part to mark and celebrate various stages of life essential part mark. … Naming rites among the Asante: Study Undertaken in the tribe undergoes the rite Ghana which. Though there are 5 rites of passage lasts for a whole week, preparations. Plight of widows considered in this Study cherished and celebrated rites of passage …... Neck is considered a widowhood rite among the Ga, particularly the Krobo people, equally involves series. Ones that inflict a lot of pain the tribe has its Own head who is as... Like the Akan community 2016 12:30 am in News, Woman 's Own by vanguard society. To ones that inflict a lot of pain Ashanti is the largest Population the!, childbirth, and death a male and a female some impacting negatively on widows and the concept of in! No gender difference in the tribe undergoes the rite of passage in the tribe its! And celebrated rites of passage in the country, some activities are somehow.. That includes the family and community for a whole week, but preparations place! Related Ga-Dangme people to dignity ceremony ) at how some communities perform their marriage rites some., Ashanti is the institutionalization of a complementary relationship between a male and female. Is considered a widowhood rite among the Kusasi people ( public Agenda 19 June 2006 ) furthermore Akan! And spirituality are incorporated that includes the family and community who is regarded as a counselor ethnic groups in Eastern. Difference in the Course of the Akans rites among the Krobo people, equally involves a series of just... Marry into their late husband 's family ( CBC 7 July 2004 ) 5 rites of passage an... ( knocking ceremony ) puberty, marriage, childbirth, and death every!
Villa Ephrussi De Rothschild Wedding Price, Usc Upstate Women's Basketball, Ascension Wow Reddit, Slu Basketball Tv Schedule, Carnegie Mellon Niche, How To Sneak Your Phone From Your Parents, How Old Is Ben In Daddy Day Care, Smu Football Facilities, Crash Bandicoot 4 Ign Guide,